382 HISTORY OF PERSIA CHAP> to seize the commanders of the garrison and of the citadel. He then communicated with one of his brothers, who excited a mutiny in the army- Lutf Ali, deserted by his officers, retired on Shiraz, which he hoped to recover, but he was deserted by all his soldiers and forced to flee to the coast. The Shaykh of Bushire who had formerly befriended him was dead, and his successor was hostile, but, nothing daunted, he collected a small force at Bandar Rig, and after defeating first the Shaykh of Bushire and then the Governor of Kazerum reappeared before Shiraz. The Campaigns of Lutf Alt Khan against Aga Mohamed. —The military qualities of Lutf Ali Khan shone brilliantly in the unequal struggle that followed. He was first victorious over a force detached by Aga Mohamed to support Haji Ibrahim at Shiraz. A powerful army sent to avenge this disaster had actually defeated the Zand Prince, when, rallying his men, he charged the Kajar troops who were looting his camp and turned his reverse into a decisive victory. Aga Mohamed at length took the field in person with his main force, but the gallant Lutf Ali charged and scattered the advance-guard. Then by night he penetrated the Kajar army, which partially dispersed, and he would have entered the royal tent, but, being assured that his enemy had fled, he decided to await the dawn in order to make sure of the treasure. To his dismay the Muezzin sounded the call to prayer, which proved that Aga Mohamed had not fled, and, his Arabs having scattered in search of plunder, the ill-fated prince was compelled to retreat, and so lost the throne of Persia. , Upon reaching the province of Kerman he set about collecting a new force, but his Kajar pursuers were too numerous to be faced, and he fled to Tabas, where Mir Hasan Khanl espoused his cause. With a small body of two hundred men he crossed the Lut to Yezd, whose Governor he defeated, and then marched to Abarguh on the northern borders of Fars. Being joined there by his 1 Malcolm terms hina Husayn, 'but I have the authority of the present chief for writing Hasan.